46[Penalty for failure to answer questions, sign statements, furnish information, returns or statements, allow inspections, etc.
272A. (1) If any person,—
(a) being legally bound to state the truth of any matter touching the subject of his assessment, refuses to answer any question put to him by an income-tax authority in the exercise of its powers under this Act; or
(b) refuses to sign any statement made by him in the course of any proceedings under this Act, which an income-tax authority may legally require him to sign; or
(c) to whom a summons is issued under sub-section (1) of section 131 either to attend to give evidence or produce books of account or other documents at a certain place and time omits to attend or produce books of account or documents at the place or time,
he shall pay, by way of penalty, 48[a sum of ten thousand rupees] for each such default or failure.
(2) If any person fails—
(a) to comply with a notice issued under sub-section (6) of section 94; or
(b) to give the notice of discontinuance of his business or profession as required by sub-section (3) of section 176; or
(d) to allow inspection of any register referred to in section 134 or of any entry in such register or to allow copies of such register or of any entry therein to be taken; or
51[(e) to furnish the return of income which he is required to furnish under sub-section (4A) or sub-section (4C) of section 139 or to furnish it within the time allowed and in the manner required under those sub-sections; or]
(f) to deliver or cause to be delivered in due time a copy of the declaration mentioned in section 197A; or
(h) to deduct and pay tax as required by sub-section (2) of section 226;
he shall pay, by way of penalty, a sum 58[of one hundred rupees] for every day during which the failure continues:
59[Provided that the amount of penalty for failures in relation to 60[a declaration mentioned in section 197A, a certificate as required by section 203 and] returns under sections 206 and 206C 61[and statements under sub-section (3) of section 200 or the proviso to sub-section (3) of section 206C] shall not exceed the amount of tax deductible or collectible62, as the case may be:]
63[Provided further that no penalty shall be levied under this section for the failure referred to in clause (k), if such failure relates to a statement referred to in sub-section (3) of section 200 or the proviso to sub-section (3) of section 206C which is to be delivered or caused to be delivered for tax deducted at source or tax collected at source, as the case may be, on or after the 1st day of July, 2012.]
(3) Any penalty imposable under sub-section (1) or sub-section (2) shall be imposed—
(a) in a case where the contravention, failure or default in respect of which such penalty is imposable occurs in the course of any proceeding before an income-tax authority not lower in rank than a 64[Joint] Director or a 64[Joint] Commissioner, by such income-tax authority;
(4) No order under this section shall be passed by any income-tax authority referred to in sub-section (3) unless the person on whom the penalty is proposed to be imposed is given an opportunity of being heard in the matter by such authority.
Explanation.—In this section, “income-tax authority” includes a 65a[Principal Director General or] Director General, 65a[Principal Director or] Director, 65[Joint] Director and an Assistant Director 66[or Deputy Director] while exercising the powers vested in a court under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (5 of 1908), when trying a suit in respect of the matters specified in sub-section (1) of section 131.]